Difference Between American, European and French Roulette

Roulette is one of the well-liked table games enjoyed by millions of players worldwide. It is the oldest table game which came up during the 17th century owing to its excitement, thrill and easy to decipher gameplay features. Well, before you engage in playing the game of Roulette, here are some of the terms, rules, Roulette variants and table requirements which will help you play wisely. Let us take a look.

Difference Between American, European and French Roulette

What is the Roulette Wheel?

The Roulette wheel can be broadly classified under two heads namely – American Roulette and European Roulette. The basic differences between the two include:

  • The American has 2 zeroes (0, 00) and the European has only one zero (extremely easy to distinguish them).
  • They have different layouts; the numbers are at different positions.

Roulette Tables

Roulette tables are rectangular shaped and are usually made up of solid wood. The border on the side of the table is usually made of leather, polished wood or Alcantara and often includes ashtrays and drink holders. There is an independent structure which is used to support and stabilise the roulette wheel.

Roulette Rules

It is to be noted that the Roulette rules have nothing got to do with either the wheel or the Roulette table. The wheel and the table are physical objects and the rules are intangible and have nothing to do with them. What makes the game confusing is that often the rules are written on a sign placed over the Roulette table. So it is easy to misunderstand the sign with the rules of “American roulette” as the description of the table; which is not.

However, the game of Roulette comprises of only two sets of rules – American and French. Although there is a European Roulette wheel, there is nothing called as European rules attached to it and so, it is obvious that there is no game titled as European Roulette which functions as a game in itself.

American VS. French Roulette

The American Roulette rule states that when zero comes, then all outside bets (Odd, Even, Red, Black, High, Low) are lost completely.

On the other hand, French Roulette states that when zero comes, then, all outside bets (Odd, Even, Red, Black, High, Low) are not lost completely like in the case of American Roulette. Instead, one of the two following rules applies:

  • En Prison rule: ‘’En Prison’’ literally means “in jail”. In this case, the money of the players are not lost and their bet placed stays on the same outside bet for the next spin. If zero comes a second consecutive time they lose their bet. Otherwise, the bet wins or loses as it would normally do.
  • La Partage rule: ‘‘La Partage’’ literally means ‘’splitting’’. In this case, the players lose half of their bets. The rest half is returned to the players and they can bet normally in the next spin.

Keep in mind that irrespective of the rules put in effect, the benefit of the players remain the same. Overall, the best options a Roulette player can find in a casino are French roulette rules on a European wheel. These games are very rare and mostly available in brick and mortar European casinos. However, in online casinos, the players can find a great variety of Roulette games, from mini Roulette to No Zero Roulette (Roulette without zero). So, do watch out!


Review Name : Difference Between American, European and French Roulette

Author : Aaron Cooper

Published Date : 02/05/2019

4.6 (91.43%) 21 votes